Together, the gradual change of the atmospheric conditions, the smell of the first water of the rain (called xareed), and the wind characterize saxansaxo. Specialists have tried to explain the saxansaxo phenomenon by conducting experiments on the soil and the plants surrounding the area in question. They found that the smell that characterizes the »saxansaxo moment« originates from the simultaneous combination of the dry land, dry plants, and the contact of the raindrops with the soil and the lightning.
This word is even more important for pastoralists because it is associated with a period of joy and abundance, especially because it means there will be water for livestock for a long period. It creates an awareness of the extent of the territory that the rain would cover in the region, which would be enough to fill all its waterpoints and depressions. Naturally, the precipitation leads to the revival of flora and fauna, with vegetation covering large areas for pasture. The complete transformation of the landscape and habitat gives pastoralists a sense that nature returns to its beauty. This broad-reaching rain would definitely reduce their long journeys to find water and allow grazing for livestock, thereby bringing relief and prosperity.
In fact, for the pastoralist, saxansaxo is more than a pleasant wind that blows and changes the landscape that deeply affects their livelihoods. It is an awakening instant of their minds to forthcoming social and economic development. It reminds them that the time is coming for their awaited social gatherings, like those of the elders for consultations, celebrations, offerings, and marriages. More importantly, it leads to more time for family togetherness, which in the nomadic lifestyle is very rare and precious. Saxansaxo also announces peace with other pastoral communities because saxansaxo comes with a long period of abundance that prevents conflicts with other communities, most of which are caused by watering and grazing their respective livestock. Thus, based on their historic experiences in the past, it paves the path for a period of stability and harmony, and social relief.
The word saxansaxo is also used as a good presage among agro-pastoralists who are the second category of the rural population; farmers. It corresponds to heavy rains coming with the prospect of good seasonal crops with bountiful vegetables and milk production even before the farm harvest. Saxansaxo assures them that at the end of the season, the silos will be filled with cereals and other crops, which certainly increase their purchasing power. It will give them the possibility of getting supplies and agricultural materials, as well as the capacity of expanding their farmlands.
Although the arrival of saxansaxo is less important for the livelihood in the urban center, it nonetheless carries the aforementioned affective dimension. Indeed, saxansaxo appears in a number of poems and songs as a metaphor for an auspicious prediction, but it also refers to people who are awaited, who announce something that one has longed for, like the rain and its relief. Furthermore, many business and media outlets use the word in their brand names to attract clients, and to give a good impression of the qualities of their products and services.
Saxansaxo is useful to this lexicon because it qualifies, with one word, a moment that many language groups try to grasp. The period before the rain evokes different things, such as peace and tranquility like in the expression »the calm before the storm,« referring to a kind of tension or a heavy atmosphere before it rains. In fact, in working on a common vocabulary, is this publication, like saxansaxo, the sign that a longed-for social relief might be in sight?